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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-73

Persistent left superior vena cava: A challenge for permanent pacemaker implantation

Department of Cardiology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajneesh Calton
Department of Cardiology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2348-3334.172388

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Persistent left superior vena cava is the most common variation in the anomalous venous return to the heart. It is usually asymptomatic and discovered incidentally during imaging and the aberrant position of a pacemaker lead, central venous catheters, or retrograde cardioplegia for cardiac surgery. We present two different approaches of pacemaker implantation in this congenital anomaly.

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