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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-38

Drug utilization pattern in adult medical intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Asawari Raut
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_45_18

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Aims: This study aims to evaluate the drug utilization pattern in terms of Defined Daily Dose (DDD) in adult Medical Intensive Care Unit. Methods: In this prospective study conducted over a period of 8 months, data pertaining to all adult (age ≥18 years) patients' demography, diagnosis, treatment, and laboratory investigation were collected. The drugs were categorized by anatomical therapeutic classification, and their DDD was calculated. Results: A total of 452 patients were evaluated, of which 62.6% were males. The most common reason for hospitalization was cardiovascular disorder (21.4%), followed by respiratory disorder (21%) and central nervous disorder (20%). An average of 9.9 drugs was prescribed per patient. Nearly 52% of drugs were administered parenteral, 43% were oral and 5% were either nebulization or topical. Among the drugs prescribed, the most common drugs were pantoprazole, ondansetron, aspirin, furosemide, and atorvastatin and most common antimicrobials were ceftriaxone followed by piperacillin + tazobactam and metronidazole. Conclusions: Drug utilization produces an important impact on quantitative data for Intensive Care Unit patients and should be conducted regularly so as to understand the drug consumption as well as for protocol implementation to improve the quality of health care.

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