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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-83

Evaluation of the pediatric antimalarial prescriptions in a teaching hospital in Southeastern Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Adaobi Uchenna Mosanya
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_98_19

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Background: Malaria in Nigeria with the highest morbidity and mortality in children between 6 months and 5 years continues to be a disease burden. In line with the World Health Organization recommendation of diagnosis in all ages before treatment, Nigeria provided guidelines on parasite-based diagnosis. Therefore, in order to achieve its preelimination and the reduction of mortality caused by it to zero by 2020, it is necessary to assess the compliance of the prescribers to the guidelines. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the cases who were diagnosed based on positive malaria parasite test and the level of compliance of the prescribers to the National Malaria Treatment Guidelines. Methods: A total of 3034 prescriptions of antimalarial drugs were collected between 2003 and 2011 in the Outpatient Department of the Pediatric Clinic. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel and SPSS V.20.0 and grouped into two: prepolicy (2003–2005) and postpolicy (2006–2011) periods. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used at P < 0.05 level of significance. Results: The study revealed that diagnosis based on positive malaria parasite test was 4.8% of 2765 patients. There was a noticeable increase in the prescription of artemisinin combination therapy in the postpolicy period (32.6%), but the compliance to the Antimalarial Treatment Guideline was low (23.8%). Conclusion: There was a high incidence of empirical diagnoses of malaria and treatment. Many of the artemisinin-based combination therapies prescribed were not recommended.

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